Jan 23, 15
Most drivers know the helpless feeling of their vehicle hitting black ice or snow and suddenly starting to slide after losing traction. A momentary skid, however, doesn’t have to mean a collision. If you know how to react, there are a number of ways to regain control of your car before it skids off the road or hits another vehicle.
About 2 percent of traffic fatalities nationwide are caused by winter weather, according to a carinsurance.com article. Many more wintertime accidents involve fender benders or sliding off the road.
Many drivers wisely choose to stay off the roads during icy conditions. Those who do brave the weather should drive more slowly. Some motorists wind up in collisions or a ditch because they drive too fast for road conditions and lose control. Drivers who disregard safety and drive too fast for road and weather conditions pose a danger to other motorists and pedestrians.
How to Stop When Sliding
- Avoid panicking: One of the most important things to understand is that you often can regain control of a sliding vehicle.
- Take your foot off the gas: Slowly accelerating and decelerating in snowy and ice weather helps you control the vehicle. Once you’ve started sliding, though, the best way to cut speed and regain control is to remove your foot from the gas pedal.
- Release the brakes: Antilock brakes (ABS) are not made for top performance on ice and are likely to lock up the vehicle’s wheels, icyroadsafety.com reports. Wheels that are sliding can’t be controlled and steering won’t change the direction the vehicle is traveling if the wheels continue to slide.
- Turn into the slide: Steer the vehicle in the direction the back end of the vehicle is sliding. This is called turning into the slide. Once the tires regain traction, focus your eyes in the direction you want to travel and turn the steering wheel in that direction.
- Don’t white knuckle it: Instead of putting a vice like grip on the steering wheel, handle it loosely and avoid overcorrection in your steering. If you turn too far, start steering in the opposite direction.
- Understand how the brakes work: Threshold braking, in which you keep the heel of the foot on the floorboard and use the ball of the foot to put firm, steady pressure on the brakes can help you regain control, according to the American Automobile Association. Once you feel the brakes begin to lock, however, you should release them. Do this rather than pump the brakes.
- Accelerate and decelerate slowly: Easing onto the gas pedal can help you get traction and stay away from skids, but never try to make a rabbit start. When slowing for a stop light, take your time because you’ll need more distance to come to a complete stop on a snowy or icy road.
- Drive slower than normal: Allow plenty of time for maneuvering because acceleration, stopping, and turning all take longer on snow and ice.
- Keep more distance between your car and the car in front: In normal conditions, you need three or four seconds to stop, but that increases to eight to 10 seconds in winter weather.
- Avoid stops: When approaching a red light, try to slow the vehicle down so you can keep rolling through an intersection when the light turns green.
- Avoid trying to overpower hills: Giving the car too much gas while going up a hill will make your wheels spin. Let inertia work for you and carry you to the top, then as you reach the hill’s crest, slow down and go over the other side as slowly as possible.
- Never stop on hills: Once you lose momentum while going up a hill, you won’t be able to make it to the top.
- Don’t go out: Unless it is an absolutely necessity to drive, stay at home. You might be an excellent winter weather driver, but others probably don’t have the same skills. Enjoy the wintry scene from the warmth of your home rather than at a crash scene.
Guest post provided by Sansone & Lauber
Nov 26, 14
Recent headlines about concussions suffered by children have raised awareness about head injuries. But according to new research from the American Academy of Pediatrics, many parents remain uninformed about mild traumatic brain injury, or TBI.
The study highlights the need to educate parents on how to recognize a concussion after an injury, said Dr. Tracy Zaslow, medical director of the sports medicine and concussion program at Children’s Orthopaedic Center, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, in a news release from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Even highly educated parents have misconceptions about concussions, he said
In the study, parents struggled to correctly identify concussion symptoms, mistakenly believing that reduced breathing rate and difficulty speaking were signs of a head injury.
These and other false false perceptions about concussions, Zaslow said, may keep parents from seeking immediate medical care and lead to inadequate care for injured children at home.
Recognizing the symptoms of a concussion is a critical first step for full recovery from a head injury. Research shows that a single concussion can cause long-term changes in thinking, sensation, language and emotion. If a child with symptoms of concussion suffers a second head injury, the risk of serious long-term complications is even greater.
Get the Heads Up App
Head injury symptoms, however, aren’t always recognizable. That can lead to children not being diagnosed with a concussion and failing to receive timely and appropriate care.
To help parents make the all-important determination of whether a child has suffered a concussion, the law firm of Goodman Acker would like to share a tool called the Heads Up app. Developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Heads up app is free and available for download on both Apple and Android devices.
The app was developed to help parents and others learn how to spot the signs and symptoms of a concussion and what to do if they think their child has a concussion or other brain injury. In addition, the app includes information on selecting the right helmet for an activity and detailed safety tips for prevention of head injuries.
The CDC reports that 175,000 children are treated in U.S. emergency rooms for sports-related concussions each year. Every 21 seconds, someone in the U.S. suffers a serious brain injury.
In light of these statistics—and the importance of concussion symptom awareness—Goodman Acker’s personal injury lawyers strongly recommend that you download the Heads Up app on your smartphone for easy access in case of an emergency.
Compensation for Victims
A victim who suffers a brain injury in a car accident, slip and fall accident, assault or other circumstance involving someone else’s negligence may have the right to pursue a lawsuit to collect damages for pain and suffering, payment of medical bills and other benefits. Many lawyers have significant experience in handling these types of claims and will be able to determine whether you have a case.
Nov 21, 14
As distracted driving accidents reach epidemic proportions, the wearable technology known as Google Glass is raising concerns among traffic safety experts.
The device boasts an incredible number of features in a tiny computer within a space-age glasses frame. Users can text, make calls and access the Internet by using their voice or even nodding their head while leaving their hands free. The device may be useful while you are on the job or at play — but it poses a dangerous distraction if you are behind the wheel.
A study by the University of Central Florida and the Air Force Research Laboratory recently focused on the use of Google Glass to text while driving. Unsurprisingly, the study found that texting with Google Glass was a distraction for drivers.
The findings did include a small twist, however. As UCF’s Colleges and Campus News reported, test drivers texting on Google Glass were able to regain control over their vehicles after a near-accident faster than those texting on smartphones.
The test involved 40 young drivers who drove in a car simulator with Google Glass or a smartphone. In the simulation, the drivers were forced to react to a car slamming on brakes in front of them. The Google Glass users did not hit their brakes any faster than the smartphone users, but they did return to normal driving quicker.
In the end, the researchers concluded that Google Glass is no safer for texting behind the wheel than smartphones.
Because digitally obsessed drivers are already causing serious accidents while they text, talk or email, Google Glass is proving quite unpopular with law enforcement. And some states are taking steps to specifically prohibit drivers from using the device.
California law prohibits drivers from having a TV screen, video monitor or similar devices visible while they are operating a vehicle. In one well-publicized case, a driver who was ticketed for wearing Google Glass was able to avoid a conviction because there was no evidence the device was actually turned on while she was driving.
But that case doesn’t mean that a Glass-wearing driver may never be held accountable for causing an accident. Forensic data potentially could prove that a driver’s Glass was on at the time of a collision.
Google Glass and similar technology may eventually have a major impact in the world. It already is proving useful in education and health care, for example. But the technology, at this point at least, does not belong behind the wheel.
Nov 11, 14
Driverless motor vehicles are one of the latest technological advancements the automotive industry hopes to bring to market. While completely autonomous vehicles are not yet available, consumers can purchase or lease vehicles that provide some of these automated features. Parking assistance and crash avoidance (also known as automatic braking) are examples of technologies bringing us closer to driverless motor vehicles and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication.
Despite these technological marvels, questions remain whether a truly autonomous vehicle is safe? What are the safety and liability risks of driverless motor vehicles?
Can autonomous vehicles get hijacked by hackers?
One of the primary risks of an autonomous vehicle is the potential for hijacking by hackers. Because these vehicles operate with the use of computer technology, a very real risk exists of the system being hacked. Computer systems in a self-driving vehicle have security protocols to help protect the information and technology. However, if a hacker is able to bypass the system’s encryption features and gain access to the main system, he or she could potentially gain control of the vehicle itself.
Vehicle security is a primary concern for automakers and consumers. A recent Bloomberg article highlights some of the most serious dangers posed by this type of hacking. A hijacked automated vehicle could be used in a kidnapping, or be accessed as an escape vehicle in the commission of a crime. A hijacked vehicle also could be used as a weapon, as a means of distraction, as a way to intentionally gridlock a city, or as a means to cause serious injury or death.
Liability in Accidents Involving Driverless Vehicles
Another unresolved issue: If a driverless vehicle is involved in a car accident, or is hijacked by a hacker, who is legally liable for any resulting personal injuries or property damages? Can a driver be liable if he or she fails to take control of a partially autonomous vehicle to avoid an accident? If a car owner neglects to install a key security update that would potentially prevent hackers from hijacking a driverless vehicle, could the owner be held partially liable for any injuries caused? An auto manufacturer may be held accountable where a manufacturing defect causes a vehicle to fail to operate as intended.
Fox Business reports that federal regulators believe that the mandatory installation of V2V communications in vehicles could potentially reduce car accidents by about 80 percent (not including accidents involving a drunk driver or mechanical failure).
While reducing the number of car accidents is an important safety issue, regulators and auto manufacturers still need to address numerous unanswered questions and concerns before driverless vehicles become commonplace on our roads.
Oct 15, 14
While the majority of U.S. drivers believe hands-free technology is safe when operating a vehicle, the American Automobile Association (AAA) released a report earlier this month that should give a lot of people a reason to reconsider that notion.
Titled “Mental Workload of Common Voice-Based Vehicle Interactions across Six Different Vehicle Systems,” the report evaluated several voice control technologies to see which ones were the best at reducing distraction behind the wheel. Although some ranked better than others in the study, none of them was perfect when it came to helping drivers stay focused on the road, according to AAA.
‘Sirious’ Problems with Hands-Free Technology
A team of researchers put 18 men and 18 women behind the wheel of six cars that were equipped with voice-activated control technology. The subjects performed several tasks while navigating a driving course.
Cameras were trained on the drivers, and their heart rate and brain activity were measured. In addition, a researcher was in the passenger’s seat to evaluate the drivers’ reactions. Afterward, each driver was asked to fill out a questionnaire.
The six systems tested were Entune from Toyota, MyLink from Chevrolet, Hyundai’s Blue Link, Chrysler’s Uconnect, Ford’s SYNC with MyFord Touch and COMAND from Mercedes-Benz.
Test subjects were also placed in a driving simulator and asked to send text messages, post Facebook updates and modify their calendars using a phone equipped with Apple’s Siri voice-command technology.
The systems were graded on a five-point scale to gauge the mental strain of using them to perform different tasks. The lower the score, the smaller the distraction. For example, listening to the radio while driving would register a 1 in difficulty, while trying to solve a complex math problem while behind the wheel would score a 5.
Here’s how the researchers graded the systems in terms of how much of a distraction they caused while driving:
- Entune (Toyota) – 1.7
- Blue Link (Hyundai) – 2.2
- Uconnect (Chrysler) – 2.7
- Ford SYNC with MyFord Touch – 3.0
- COMAND (Mercedes-Benz) – 3.1
- MyLink (Chevrolet) – 3.7
The most surprising result, however, may be that the subjects averaged a mental strain level of 4 when using the Siri electronic assistant. This level of distraction is more dangerous than speaking on a handheld cell phone while driving. In fact, three subjects “crashed” while in the simulator, and two of those incidents took place while using Siri.
The Bottom Line on Voice Control
The upshot of the study is that while the auto industry has largely embraced voice-activated technology over the last few years and trumpeted it in an untold number of ads, it seems that a lot of work still needs to be done in order to make the systems as safe as possible.
A press release issued by AAA announcing the release of the study quoted the organization’s president and CEO as saying voice control technology may have unintended adverse effects on driver safety. AAA is calling on developers to address factors that contribute to these distractions, and to make them no more taxing for drivers than listening to the radio.
Jan 15, 14
Becoming a Legal Writer
Most people who are interested in pursuing a career in the legal field believe they must possess the ability to express themselves effectively, in both oral and written form. After all, lawyers represent clients in court, as well as during contract and mediation negotiations. But, what about those who are interested in the law as a career choice, but with an exclusive focus on the written word? Or, what of those who simply may not have a desire to speak in front of others? There are many career opportunities available in the legal field where one can still make a difference. One of the most creative and versatile alternative career choices is that of a legal writer.
One of the biggest perks of a career in legal writing is in the options available to you. A career as a legal writer can take on many forms, including the standard position of a feature writer. There are other choices available as well. Some are choices you may be aware of, but there are others that you may not have previously considered as viable options for a legal writer. These include:
Education and Skill Requirements
For anyone interested in pursuing a career as a legal writer, it is strongly recommended that a degree in communications, writing, journalism, or other liberal arts field be earned first. A degree in law may gain you an advantage, but it is not a requirement.
If you don’t plan on pursuing a degree in law, but are interested in becoming a legal writer, it’s important that you take legal courses while in school. This is because you must have a sound understanding of the legal industry and law, as well as the terminology used in order to be successful in the field.
Aside from education, there are also specific traits you must possess in order to become an effective legal writer. For example, because you will be required to interpret and translate technical legalese in a way that is understandable, your writing style must be clear and concise without altering the meaning of the law. Just as with any writing career, you must also be organized, focused, perceptive, disciplined, and be comfortable writing online (since most work writing is done via the internet).
To be a good legal writer, you must also have exceptional research skills. In addition, you must be resourceful since not every piece of information you need will be accessible online. You must know where to find information, and how to interview clients and witnesses.
Many legal writers are freelancers who sell their work to law firms, magazines, and publishing houses. In fact, that’s how most legal writing careers start. Writers need to establish themselves as authorities in the field before they will be hired by a company. Once their reputations have been established, though, many writers work for such entities directly. Some, however, prefer the freedom of contract work and continue freelance work, albeit at a much higher rate.
There is no set formula for becoming a successful legal writer. However, a degree in communications (or similar degree) combined with a knowledge of legalese and laws will get your foot in the door. How successful you become will depend on your determination, motivation, adaptability, and skill level.
Nov 26, 13
In 2012, distracted driver related crashes in the United States killed 3,328 people, according to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA). That number represents just under 10% of the total 33,561 vehicle-related deaths in 2012. As the use of GPS devices and cell phones increases, the risk of distracted driving accidents and fatalities increases as well.
The potential for injury increases, too. In 2011, 17% of all injury accidents were distracted driver related crashes. That means that distracted drivers caused 376,890 injures of the total 2,217,000 injuries reported in 2011. Distracted driving habits can be easily curtailed, and that would clearly lower the overall number of vehicle-related deaths and injuries every year. But, we spend so much of our lives in our cars, and distracted driving covers so many activities, that it’s become a very hard habit to break.
What is Distracted Driving
Distracted driving occurs when the driver engages in any behavior other than paying attention to the road. Everything from talking on a cellphone, texting, checking social media sites, grooming, changing the radio, or using a GPS device is considered distracted driving. A car accident is 23 times more likely when a driver is distracted.
The most dangerous type of distracted driving behaviors are those that involve visual tasks, such as texting, GPS use, and grooming. In addition to the increased likelihood (23 times) of an accident, those who are visually distracted are another 3 times more likely to cause an accident.
What You Can Do
Distracted driving is a habit that is easily adjusted. By following common sense tips, you can avoid becoming the cause of one of the thousands of hundreds of thousands of distracted driving accidents every year. Here are a few simple modifications you can make in your own driving habits to ensure that you’re doing your part to drive safely.
Pull Over: If you need to adjust the settings or destination on your GPS device, pull to the side of the road to do it. The same thing goes for placing or taking a telephone call, reading or sending a text, eating, or applying makeup. Any distracted driving task that requires you to take your eyes off the road should be done only after you’ve pulled over. Looking away from the road for 5 seconds while driving 55 MPH is equivalent to driving the length of a football field while wearing a blindfold.
Prepare Ahead: If you need to use GPS to reach your destination, set it before you begin your drive. If you need to eat, make a call or get ready, don’t do it in the car. Either engage in those activities before you leave or once you reach your destination.
Get an App: At least as far as distractions that are caused by cell phones go, you can cut down on your risk by loading an app onto your phone. There are apps available that will send auto responses, both text and voice, to anyone who tries to contact you while you’re driving. There are also apps available that don’t allow calls or texts to be placed at all while the car is in motion (with the exception of emergency mode). That way, you won’t feel tempted or obligated to respond.
Distracted driving is an increasingly dangerous habit. We are a nation of multitaskers, and often, people are engaged in distracted driving without even knowing it. Awareness of the problem and easy proactive measures, such as preparing for trips ahead of time and installing apps to cut down on a driver’s cell phone use, can work well in lowering the number of deaths and injuries associated with distracted driver related crashes.